Diagnosing Dyslexia: What Parents Need To Know?

As a parent, you play a crucial role in your child’s development and well-being. When it comes to learning and education, identifying and addressing potential challenges early is key to ensuring your child’s success. Dyslexia is one such challenge that affects a significant number of children. In this article, we’ll explore what dyslexia is, how to help my child with dyslexia, and what parents need to know to support their children effectively.

Understanding Dyslexia

A brain disorder called dyslexia makes it hard for a person to read, write, and spell. It doesn’t mean they are dumb or don’t try; they just have a certain learning disability. People who are dyslexic often have trouble understanding words and recognizing familiar sight words. They may also have trouble with phonological processing, which is the ability to recognize and change the sounds of language.

Symptoms Of Dyslexia

Dyslexia manifests differently in each individual, but there are common signs and symptoms that parents should be aware of. These can include:

  • Difficulty With Phonemic Awareness: Kids who are dyslexic may find it hard to pick out and change the sounds (phonemes) that makeup words. This might make it harder for them to sound out words and read quickly.
  • Slow Or Inaccurate Reading: Dyslexic individuals often read at a slower pace and may make frequent errors, including substituting, omitting, or adding words.
  • Difficulty With Spelling: Dyslexic children may have trouble spelling words correctly, even simple ones.
  • Challenges With Writing: Formulating thoughts and expressing them in writing can be a significant challenge for dyslexic individuals.
  • Poor Decoding Skills: Difficulty in breaking down words into their constituent sounds can make it hard to read unfamiliar words.
  • Inconsistent Performance: Dyslexic children may perform well on some tasks but struggle with others, leading to variations in their academic performance.

Diagnosing Dyslexia

Diagnosing dyslexia is a critical step in helping your child overcome its challenges. Here are some key aspects parents need to know about the diagnosis process:

  • Early Intervention Is Crucial: Early intervention is highly effective in helping dyslexic children build essential reading skills. If you suspect your child may have dyslexia, don’t wait. Seek help and assessment as soon as possible.
  • Educational Assessment: The first step is often an educational assessment conducted by the school or a specialized professional. This assessment typically evaluates your child’s reading, writing, and phonological skills.
  • Medical Evaluation: Even though dyslexia is mostly a learning disability, it’s important to make sure there aren’t any health problems going on that could be making things harder. Some of these are hearing and eye tests.
  • Neuropsychological Assessment: In some cases, a more comprehensive neuropsychological assessment may be recommended to understand the specific cognitive strengths and weaknesses of your child.
  • Expert Evaluation: Seek out professionals with experience in diagnosing dyslexia, such as educational psychologists or speech and language therapists. They can provide a more accurate diagnosis and tailored recommendations for intervention.
  • Parental Observations: Your insights as a parent are invaluable. Share your observations and concerns with the professionals conducting the assessments. Your input can help create a more complete picture of your child’s challenges.

Supporting Your Dyslexic Child

Once your child receives a dyslexia diagnosis, the next steps involve providing the right support and resources. Here are some essential tips for parents:

  • Advocate For Your Child: You should work closely with your child’s school to make an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) that meets all of their needs. Ask for the help and accommodations they need to do well in school.
  • Structured Literacy Programs: Consider enrolling your child in structured literacy programs that are designed to teach reading and writing skills explicitly. These programs often provide systematic and multisensory instruction.
  • Assistive Technology: Explore assistive technology tools and software that can aid your child in reading and writing. These tools can level the playing field and empower dyslexic students.
  • Build Confidence: Encourage your child’s strengths and interests outside of academics to boost their self-esteem and resilience.
  • Seek Emotional Support: Dyslexia can be emotionally challenging for children. Ensure that your child has access to emotional support and counseling if needed.


Diagnosing dyslexia can be a pivotal moment in your child’s educational journey. It opens the door to understanding their unique learning profile and allows you to provide the right support and resources. Remember that dyslexia does not define your child’s potential; with the right interventions and support, dyslexic children can thrive academically and beyond. As a parent, your love, advocacy, and commitment play a central role in helping your child with dyslexia reach their full potential.